Shumard oak Quercus shumardii var. Spread a layer mulch in the area around the tree but do not cover the rootball area. Shiny, dark green leaves (6-8\" long) with deep, spiny lobes (usually 7-9 lobes). Shumard Oak is native to North America however it is considered rare, in Ontario it is restricted to the southwest such as Kent, Elgin and Sussex counties. var. Oak Leaf Scorch. Leaves of Shumard oak usually have deeper sinuses than those of … It is a lowland tree and grows scattered with other hardwoods on moist, well … It may become a large tree fast, within 60 years it may be 100’ tall and wide. Mature buds are pale grayish-brown and appear waxed, though red and black oaks are usually reddish-brown and hairless. Shumard oak also boasts some of the largest acorns of all Florida oaks, with each acorn reaching up to 1.5 inches wide. Black Oak - Bark of black oak is usually darker and more deeply fissured. shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) leaf underside, shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) in autumn, shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) trunk / bark. Shumard Oak (Quercus shumardii) One of our largest trees, Shumard Oak is uncommon in North Carolina in bottomland forests, most common in areas with basic or circumneutral soil. Fruits are acor… A fairly common oak of rich lowlands and moist lower slopes. The lobe ends are tapered. The oak can be several hundred years old. Many gardeners appreciate Shumard oak for its interesting foliage. This species can be utilized as a street tree, but may be difficult to find in nurseries. Large acor… Fall and winter coloration varies from year to year in USDA hardiness zones 8 and 9. Plentiful acorns from Shumard Red Oaks are a favorite of deer, turkeys, and pesky squirrels. It is also an excellent shade tree because of its broad, rounded canopy. The leaves and twigs can also provide browse for white-tailed deer. The young leaves of Shumard red oak are sinuate, the older leaves are deep sinuate. A Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) in fall. Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) is one of the largest southern red oaks. ©Edward Gilman, UF/IFAS. In Florida, it grows wild throughout the Florida Panhandle and across North Florida southward to Marion County. shumardii texana (Buckl. Shumard oak is named for Benjamin Franklin Shumard (1820-1869), physician and geologist. Shumard oak is an ideal tree for urban landscapes, including both home yards and commercial settings. The Shumard oak grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy and well-drained soils. Leaf margins die and have a distinct yellow border separating the dead tissue from the green tissue. The Shumard Oak survives in nearly any soil condition and environment in zones 5 to 9. If you've tried planting picky trees in frustrating parts of your yard, you'll be happy to find the Shumard Oak can likely thrive there. The leaf upside is dark green, the underside is lighter. Young twigs are olive green and shiny, the older branches are brownish. The acorns of the Shumard oak provide food for various songbirds, game birds such as wild turkey and quail, waterfowl, white-tailed deer, feral hogs, and various rodents such as squirrels. The symptoms progress toward the base of the leaf in an undulating front. A few years ago, another oak tree that was in the same general location as this oak also yellowed (not just the veins but the whole leaf) and eventually had to be taken down. On red oaks ... Herbicide damage looks like the leaf inter-vein area have been bleached out. Use a sharp knife or a shovel to shave off the periphery of the root ball before placing it into the hole. Durham Co., NC 5/23/2012. Leaves are alternate, simple, 6–8 inches long; with 5–9 lobes with 2–6 bristle-tipped teeth, lobes wider at their tip than at their base, notches between lobes rounded, over halfway to central vein. It features traditional oak-shaped leaves that are dark green throughout most of the year. In 1983, a 99-foot specimen was recorded in Montgomery County. Dotty Woodson. They have a flat fruit cup and a short stalk. Identify the Shumard Oak. … It is found on rich bottomland soils, moist woods and along streams in the eastern third of Texas. Oak Morphology > Shumard oak American beech White oak Chestnut oak Swamp chestnut oak Water oak Pin oak Northern red oak Shumard oak Post oak Black oak He received his M.D. All English oaks, which are native to England, are white oaks. For more information on Shumard oak, contact your county Extension office. Fagaceae (black oak group) Shumard Red Oak is an upright tree which can attain a height of 120 feet. The leaf upside is dark green, the underside is lighter. The typical leaf might have a more indented mid-section. Shumard oak can be hard to tell apart from more common pointy-toothed species. The cup of the egg-shaped acorn only covers 1/4 of the whole nut, and the bark is long and light colored. This can be seen in these three varieties rounded leaf lobes. A lovely dark green during most of the year, Shumard oak puts on a vivid display of brilliant red to red-orange fall and winter foliage, providing a dramatic landsca… Shumard oak can be grown in full sun in acidic, neutral, or alkaline soil. It typically grows in deciduous forests or along fence-rows. It will grow best in a soil that's rich and moist, though it can also be planted in drier sites. The large, stately Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) tree's primary landscape use is for shade. These trees are drought tolerant once established. Shumard oak is a medium to large-sized tree with a tall, straight trunk, stout branches and a large, open crown. While it prefers normal moisture, the tree has some drought tolerance. Deep indentations. Very many of the variable leaves of Shumard Oak are square to short-rectangular in outline, many with a little "bow-tie" pair of lobes at the leaf base. Shumard Oak Trees are easy to grow and extremely adaptable. From urban landscapes to soggy land by rivers and dry, open pastures, this tree is tolerant and adaptable. Dig a hole that's at least one-and-a-half times wider than the diameter of the root ball and slightly shallower. Bark of Shumard oak is lighter gray and smoother. The 4- to 8-inch-long deciduous leaves are deeply-lobed (more so than Quercus rubra) and have bristles on the tips of some lobes. Follow a regular watering schedule for the first year, applying water to the root ball two to three times a week. This species was named for Benjamin Franklin Shumard (1820-1869), a former state geologist of Texas who organized the the first comprehensive geological survey of Texas. It grows between 20-40 m tall and prefers moist soils, close to water and in swampy areas. Red-black oak group (top image): Leaves have pointed lobes (when present) with a bristle at the tip of each leaf and each lobe. Growing 80 feet tall with a 40- to 50-foot spread, Shumard oak forms a large, stately tree with a narrow, rather open, rounded canopy, somewhat reminiscent of red oak. The buds are light and occur most frequently on branch end. Then in fall and winter, the 4- to 8-inch leaves turn a brilliant red or red-orange before falling to the ground. The Shumard Oak is one of the larger oak trees in North America. Commercially, Shumard oak is marketed with other red oak lumber for flooring, furniture, interior trim, and cabinetry. The Oregon mountain oak has a small leaf while the burr (or bur) oak has larger leaves with many lobes. However, if you avoid freezing and hot temperatures you can plant your oak tree almost any time of the year. Underside of Shumard oak leaves have tufts of brown hairs between the veins, while scarlet oak may only have a few light hairs. A Shumard oak leaf normally has seven lobes, but can have as few as five or as many as nine. Leaves are dark green. A lovely dark green during most of the year, Shumard Oak puts on a vivid display of brilliant red to red-orange fall and winter foliage, providing a dramatic landscape statement. The shumard oak is a fast-growing tree used widely for commercial lumber, interior trim, cabinetry and furniture. It makes a lovely shade tree, thanks to its broad, open crown that gets more rounded as the tree gets older. It’s being planted more since 2000+-. The lobe ends are tapered. The leaf margin is smooth. How to Care for a Shumard Oak. Lobes divide at the end into many bristle-tipped teeth. Typically grows at a moderately fast rate to a height of 40-60' (to 100' in the wild). The leaf margin is smooth. Leaves are similar in shape and size but Shumard oak typically has deeper cut lobes than either red or black oak. in Louisville and practiced medicine in Kentucky before becoming a geologist in Missouri and Texas, and later returning to the practice of medicine in St. Louis. Quercus shumardii, commonly called Shumard oak, is a medium sized, deciduous tree of the red oak group. Shumard Oak TN native. single tree, planting in groups, parks and garden, overview leaves | overview blossomsoverview fruit | overview trunksoverview winter | overview trees, back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. Then water the tree well to help remove any air voids in the soil. Common names are from state and federal lists. Has a typical red oak leaf design and turns yellow to orangish mainly, in Fall, and sometimes to reddish. A lovely dark green during most of the year, Shumard oak puts on a vivid display of brilliant red to red-orange fall and winter foliage, providing a dramatic landscape state- ment. Fill in around the root ball with soil, packing it in firmly with your foot. Fall color appears late, but is often a respectable brownish red. Like other oaks, Shumard oak needs to be pruned routinely when it's young in order to help the tree develop a strong branch structure. Once mature, trees can reach 80 feet tall and have a 50- to 60-foot canopy. The wood is used in the furniture industry and the large acorns are a food source for many animals. shumardii (typical), andQ. I have a shumard oak ... Oak Wilt: Oak trees usually die very quickly once infected with oak wilt. This disease affects primarily pin and red oak but has also been found in white oak. Although Shumard Red Oak transplants well, be sure you specify to your nurseryman that the Red Oak you buy must be a PURE Shumard Red Oak—not a cross-pollinated version. During the winter the bare tree provides interesting branching patterns. The bristle-tipped leaves are glossy dark green above and have deep sinuses, extending more than half way from the leaf edge to the leaf vein. During the winter the bare tree provides interesting branching patterns. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. Spring and Fall are ideal times to plant. White oak group (bottom image): Leaves have rounded lobes Common Name: Shumard Oak: Latin Name: Quercus shumardii: Tree Size: Large : Leaf Type: Deciduous : Growth Rate: Rapid : Water Needs: This native tree is found growing across the Eastern United States and is hardy to USDA plant hardiness zones 5-10. This Oak thrives in full sun and is adaptable to any soil, even tolerating wet areas. Pyramidal in youth but spreads to a broad open crown with age. Oak wilt can attack all red oaks, including the Shumard oak. Shumard Oak leaf detail from mid April 2020. The leaf is very similar to that of Nuttall Oak - the main differences seem to be a much longer leaf stalk, a greater number of bristle tips (the leaf below has 36 bristles, as opposed to the Nuttall Oak leaf shown on the Nuttall Oak page, which has only 19 bristles), and less tapered at the base. It is listed as species of Special Concern, and is protected by the Endangered Species Act, 2007. Many gardeners appreciate Shumard oak for its interesting foliage. The young leaves of Shumard red oak are sinuate, the older leaves are deep sinuate. As a rule, this resilient tree is generally free from pests and serious diseases. Relatively fast growing, the Shumard Oak matures to a height of 30 – 120 feet with a deciduous leaf, 4 – 8 inches long and deeply-lobed. Ultimately the top of the root ball should be one to two inches higher than the surrounding soil once the tree is planted. The crown spreads with age becoming round at maturity. Wildlife like squirrels, deer, and turkey love to feed on the acorns, and some people enjoy using them in craft projects and holiday decor. Anything less than a 100 percent Shumard Red Oak will not meet your expectations. Flowering and leafing sprout together. The acorns are quite large with up to 3 cm (1.2 in). Shumard Red Oak, Swamp Red Oak, Shumard Oak, Spotted Oak Quercus shumardii . Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The Center for Landscape Conservation & Ecology, Florida Master Gardener Volunteer Program, UF/IFAS Extension: Solutions for Your Life, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS). Then in fall and winter, the 4- to 8-inch leaves turn a brilliant red or red-orange before falling to the ground. It is fast-growing, with an open canopy and stout spreading branches. The flowers form greenish - yellow drooping catkins. Shumard oak leaves have a leathery texture while northern red oak leaves are shinier. It’s only about 6’ tall now (having re-planted it from a seedling that we believe is from its parent tree in our front lawn: a rather large and very healthy Shumard). Genetics Shumard oak has two varieties-Quercus shumar-dii Buckl. In 1959, an 80-foot example of this tree in Columbus (Franklin County) was registered with the Ohio Forestry Association. Call Tarrant County Master Gardener help desk, 817-884-1944. A tall tree, it can get over 100 feet in height. stenocarpa Shumard oak Legal Status. It's often seen in parking lot islands, since it copes well with air pollution, poor drainage, drought, and compacted soils. Fall and winter coloration varies from year to year in USDA hardiness zones 8 and 9. Established trees also tend to be drought tolerant, though they may drop their leaves during extended droughts. The lumber of this wood is often mixed indiscriminately with that of other oaks, thereby losing its identity in trade.
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