He was hoping that some of what he was imparting would be new to us because it never made it to the mainland in the media at the time. We were touring parts of Belfast the same day that President Clinton (and the remaining signatories to The Good Friday Agreement) were in town to mark its 20th anniversary, some coincidence. Are these identity issues properly understood in Westminster? "It's no longer just about religion", he said. There was a significant development in February 2016, with the demolition of an 8ft (2.4m) peace wall that had divided communities in Ardoyne, north Belfast for about 30 years. Belfast peace wall Since the onset of the Troubles in 1971, many Nationalist (Catholic) and Loyalist (Protestant) communities throughout Northern Ireland have been divided by peace walls. There are nearly 60 miles of these barriers in Northern Ireland, most in Belfast, stretching over 20 miles in length. murals on the 'peace wall', near the falls road area of belfast, northern ireland, uk. Looking through the Workman Avenue gate into the Protestant Woodvale estate in West Belfast. If many of Belfast's murals are markers in historic ground, milestones hammered into the unfolding narrative of past troubles, the Peace Walls are something entirely different, functioning as barriers to separate tribe from tribe, neighbour from neighbour, not just in the past but also in the present of today. That we did not know. They also wanted to highlight that women have a pivotal role within the Shankill area and that their voices are as important as anyone else's. The murals are relatively well-known to mainland Brits, the stories behind them perhaps less so. Like the Berlin Wall, the Cupar Way "Peace Wall" in Belfast has cut an urban landscape in half for decades. "This artwork was funded by the Housing Executive, working in partnership with the Lower Shankill Community Association. This was new to us. A peace wall in Townsend Street looking from the Catholic side towards the Shankill Protestant area. From here, you can do a loop around the wall and see the murals on each side, plus get a … I met some fascinating people who have dedicated large parts of their lives to help understand and report on the consequences of these peacelines or peace walls and the overall situation in Northern Ireland. In places these rise to nearly 8 metres. He never went to Westminster, but died a month after he was elected. The wall was erected on the Crumlin Road in the mid-1980s when the new Ardoyne social family homes were built to give protection to In 1994 there were approximately 24 walls, there are now an estimated 90 structures in place throughout Belfast from obvious 20 foot high walls to thinly disguised disused houses, waste land and community gates with the latest wall being built little over 24 months ago. Each member of the group contributed to the project, which were brought together digitally to form the overall artwork. Map drawn by James O'Leary in 2015, based on map produced for: Cosstick, V. (2015). Since the onset of the Troubles in 1971, Nationalist and Loyalist communities throughout Northern Ireland have been divided by Peace Walls. The names Falls Road and Shankill Road have been familiar to us for years, notoriously so. Many Protestant areas are adorned with flags as a means of identity. Some run along open ground, others alongside roads. 3.1.5 Year 2015 3.1.6 Type Map of extent of Belfast Peacelines in relation to City Centre and River Lagan, mapped in 2015 And another, much wider, stitched panorama of part of the Catholic side of the Northumberland Street peace line, just north of the Falls Road. The houses are bricked inbetween to stop rioters entering further into the residential area and the front windows removed. Stage 1: Defining Peace Wall areas - the approach to sampling in the 2012 study enabled the identification of streets within peace wall areas in Belfast and Derry/Londonderry. The most popular way to see and learn about the Peace Walls is to take a Black Cab Tour. Beautiful. Explore more of Belfast’s top attractions—including the Peace Wall, St Peter’s Cathedral, and more—than you could on foot during this private tour, ideal for first-time visitors. Although a very short trip I still managed to get around most of Belfast thanks to the many community groups who helped out. There are walls of brick or breeze block, walls with fences on top, fences faced with steel sheets and then fences topped with even more fencing, climbing upwards as the lobbing height of offense increased. But for Brennan, Forsyth, Thompson and many others living near peace walls in Belfast and around Northern Ireland, it seems they are going to be a source of security for the foreseeable future. Others are emblazoned with propaganda or artistic statements of solidarity with other struggles against oppression internationally. Looking through the Workman Avenue gate into the Protestant Woodvale estate in West Belfast. Belfast people are very kind to everyone. Cluan Place, a Protestant area surrounding the Catholic enclave of Short Strand in East Belfast. The peace wall in Alexandra Park, Belfast. Visiting the Belfast Peace Wall for yourself. Caoileann Meehan (16) from the Catholic area of Springfield Road. Others have become surfaces for votive offerings, scribbled prayers, exhortations to peace. Over 100 of these so-called Peace Walls were built in Northern Ireland, most of them in Belfast, the capital of Northern Ireland, where so much of the violence took place. Beside the Catholic Clonard Martyrs Memorial Garden, where the barrier running along Cupar Way backs on to Catholic houses, some of these houses are equipped with protective cages to reduce the damage that anything lobbed or fired over the high fence might do. They have no bad feelings towards the Protestants but don't want the wall to come down. All tickets are without stop limits and valid for 24 hours! Life in Belfast as represented on its walls – murals, graffiti, street art. A peace wall on Cupar Way in Belfast This peace wall runs through the back of ordinary people’s gardens The peace wall in Alexandra Park, dividing the park into Catholic and a Protestant sections The map of Belfast’s communities, and the peace lines/walls that separate them. Relatively recent surveys have shown that a majority of Belfast's population want these barriers to stay up. You can write on one side of the wall so take your own markers if you choose not to do a tour. Adapt the itinerary to suit you, enjoy the sights as you’re driven from point to point, and get to grips with Belfast’s complex history, as your private guide provides context on each location. The Interfaces Map has been redrawn for the 2017 Interface Barriers, Peacelines and Defensive Architecture research, carried out for BIP by the Institute for Conflict Research (ICR).The map now covers Derry/Londonderry, Portadown and Lurgan as well as Belfast. Coulter, a 'lieutenant' in the loyalist paramilitary UDA was killed by a rival loyalist paramilitary group, the UVF, in August 2000. 35 barriers which are made of different styles of metal fencing 2. The map below backs this up with a map of the distribution of Catholic and Protestant churches in Belfast [59kB]. These large stone and steel constructions were designed to protect neighbourhoods from sporadic attacks and retain a sense of peace and protection. Posted 14 October 2010 in Borders & Barriers, Foreign Assignments. Map drawn by James O'Leary in 2015, based on map produced for: Cosstick, V. (2015). Of the city& Whether the uncertainties surrounding Brexit will in fact derail that plan remains to be seen. The quilt idea was chosen as an item, which is often made together by family members and is ultimately handed down through the generations. On either side of the walls, life continues as normal and many people are happy to drive from one area to another but most said there are areas they would not feel safe to walk in. L-R Padraig Smyth (18), Brian McCartney (19) and Gerard Morgin (20) on Springfield road next to the peace wall in West Belfast. Sadly, Belfast is also a city divided along religious grounds. Ironically, since the peace agreement over 10 years ago, many more barriers have been built. A resident walking past housing next to the peace wall in Protestant Woodvale area in West Belfast. any map of the city.5 The 25th of February 2016 marked an imperative event after the first eight-foot wall long standing in an interface area in North Belfast was removed. We started in Protestant areas of the city before visiting Catholic areas. A rough map of the Shankill area. This gate is closed at 5.30pm and opened at 7am. At night the gates are closed. This is sometimes called Dark Tourism, but we felt that we were informing ourselves one up from watching a TV documentary or feeding off memory alone. Of the city& More info here: https://www.timetravelturtle.com/belfast-peace-wall-murals-n-ireland/ 2.4 metre metal fence and 4 metre high brick wall with some steel sheeting up to 3 metres topped with 6.1 metres high weldmesh fence at Blackwater Way. It can be seen for miles. An old and rusty peace wall shields new housing in the Catholic New Lodge community from the Tigers Bay Protestant area on the other side in North Belfast. The main peace wall that runs for over 5km dividing the predominantly Protestant Shankill Road Area from the Catholic Falls Road in West Belfast. Fifteen year-old Fian Gerard McAuley was fatally shot by unionist paramilitaries. The Bombay Street mural commemorates the 1969 street battles which resulted in the burning of Catholic homes that left 1,500 Catholic families homeless. The Stevie McKeag mural in Hopewell Crescent. The first Belfast Peace Walls were built in 1969 in response to Northern Ireland’s sectarian conflict. series of barriers that were erected to separate Catholic and Protestant neighbourhoods in Northern Ireland Alexandra Park in Belfast with peace line running down it. It is believed to be the only park in western Europe with a wall running through the middle of it. It divides the east Belfast loyalist area of Shankill Road from the Catholic Springfield/Falls Roads area of west Belfast. Initially intended as temporary barriers, the continuation of the Troubles led to the extension and reinforcement of the walls. Like the Berlin Wall, the Cupar Way "Peace Wall" in Belfast has cut an urban landscape in half for decades. Early on, murals were drawn on the walls, displaying allegiance to certain political and religious groups. "Artist Lesley Cherry worked with the women during this project, drawing out family stories of care, loss, remembrance and ultimately love, not only for their immediate families, but for their friends and the wider community. Bobby Sands was a member of the Provisional IRA who died on hunger strike in prison serving a sentence for possessing a firearm. So called Terror Tours have become a familiar sight in West Belfast. A map to help visit the Peace Wall in Belfast and see the murals. Take your pick which viewpoint you occupy. Photo by Scott Gurian. Here is a look at some of the best murals in Belfast that illustrate this complicated history and the culture in this city. Any questions or comments you have please get in contact……, The main peace wall that runs for over 5km dividing the predominantly Protestant Shankill Road Area from the Catholic Falls Road in West Belfast. He believes that violence would dramatically increase if the walls came down. Belfast: Colourpoint. The Bobby Sands mural on the Falls Road. Richard Wainwright Photography. Belfast is a small city, but it’s demarcated by almost 100 ‘peace walls’ that separate Catholic and Protestant areas. A resident walking past housing next to the peace wall in Protestant Woodvale area in West Belfast. In recent years, given the gradual peace that has begun to infiltrate uneasy hearts and minds in the region, murals have taken on a more playful dimension. A tourist bus passes a peace wall on the Protestant Cupar Way Road in West Belfast. Book your tickets online for Peace Wall, Belfast: See 1,172 reviews, articles, and 780 photos of Peace Wall, ranked No.22 on Tripadvisor among 220 attractions in Belfast. The biggest Peace Wall in Belfast is the wall that runs along Cupar Way. By using our Belfast trip planner, you can arrange your visit to Peace Wall and other attractions in Belfast. A resident of Bombay Street with the peace wall backing onto his property in West Belfast. He often pulled over and climbed into the back, armed with newspaper cuttings, photos and the like, and helped us put what we were seeing into some sort of context. Please debate. Separating the Shankill and Falls Road areas is one of the most famous walls in Belfast – the Cupar Way Peace Line. I'm not sure I would have believed this without having seen it for myself. Peace Wall: Belfast History - See 1,172 traveler reviews, 780 candid photos, and great deals for Belfast, UK, at Tripadvisor. The Jackie Coulter mural on Shankill Parade. One of the longest peace walls in Belfast which separates the Loyalist Shankill Road from the Republican Falls Road (Niall Carson/PA) By Rebecca Black, PA November 12 2019 02:45 AM One of those walls even ran through the center of a city park in Duncairn, a formerly dangerous neighborhood in north Belfast. Belfast interface residents 'strongly in favour' of peace wall removal The survey also revealed a worrying rise in anti-social behaviour and arranged fights at interfaces belfastlive The first peacelines where erected back at the start of ‘The Troubles’ in the late 60’s and were supposed to be temporary structures separating the Loyalist Protestant from the Republican Catholic communities. Segregation permeates all areas of life both physically and psychologically, from housing where over 95% of social housing is either Catholic or Protestant to education where only around 5% of children attend integrated schools. He says he doesn't mix with the Protestant teenagers on the other side of the wall and never goes over there. "The Lower Shankill Women's Group created this artwork using the theme of a traditional family quilt as their inspiration. Since the onset of the Troubles in 1971, Nationalist and Loyalist communities throughout Northern Ireland have been divided by Peace Walls. All rights reserved. Map of Belfast's Peace Walls. The stated purpose of the peace lines is to minimise inter-communal violence between Catholics (most of whom are nationalists who self-identify as Irish) and Protestants (most of whom are … 23 barriers which are comprised of a mixture of a solid wall with metal fencing above 3. Peace Wall is located in Belfast. See more ideas about Belfast murals, Belfast, Historical view. In many cases, people who live just meters apart, divided by a 20 ft high multi layered barrier have never met or even have the desire to meet each other. The Belfast Peace Walls are full of amazing murals and history that tells an important story of Belfast, The Troubles and why the peace walls were put in place. Photo by Scott Gurian. Seen from the Catholic area of St Galls Avenue just off the Falls Road, many of the houses in this area have been rebuilt since the troubles in the 1990's. We were taking a black cab tour of Belfast to see some of the Peace Walls or Peace Lines put up to separate the Catholic and Protestant communities during the Troubles, stopping off at some of the murals that mark infamous historic events. Finally, in 1994 it seemed that all the violence and wall-building might subside. Even though the troubles have been over for more than 20 years, protestant and catholic neighborhoods are still physically separated by this graffiti-covered barrier. They feel safer, at least physiologically, with these physical barriers intact which they say they now hardly even notice. I really enjoyed shooting video for the first time and think the audio interviews I took really add to the sense of the place. The Peace Walls. Subsequently, this same sampling frame formed the basis of the 2015 study, with the same approach used to identify additional streets adjacent to peace walls Belfast: Toward a City without walls. The artwork replaces a contentious paramilitary mural and an artwork depicting the burning of Protestant homes at the beginning of the Troubles.". But for Brennan, Forsyth, Thompson and many others living near peace walls in Belfast and around Northern Ireland, it seems they are going to be a source of security for the foreseeable future. The Shankill Road complete with British flags reflecting their allegiance to Britain. Up close and in the flesh, it was clear that these were markers of atrocities, of personal heroism and of cultural identity and defiance. We drove past or stopped at just a small proportion of Belfast's total. Joseph Hasett a Catholic resident on the Springfield road who lives opposite the peace wall separating them from the protestant Woodvale estate in West Belfast. The peace lines or peace walls are a series of separation barriers in Northern Ireland that separate predominantly republican and nationalist Catholic neighbourhoods from predominantly loyalist and unionist Protestant neighbourhoods. A section of the peace wall that divides Catholic and Protestant communities in Belfast wraps around houses in Cluan Place, east Belfast October 27, 2012. Where these barriers intersect entry points to a different community, there are steel gates, open during the day, sometimes manned by police, sometimes closed and locked at night. . A unique and riveting journey into the most recent conflict in Irish history, Belfast Mural Tours is a transport-based tour with ample opportunities to stop, exit the vehicle, and take amazing photographs of the world’s largest outdoor art gallery. List of Murals. Some murals had messages of peace and others of oppression. Catholic houses on the Springfield Road opposite Workman Avenue, a notorious flashpoint during the marching season. You can spend time reading the huge amount of messages people have left on the Belfast Peace Walls from all … An 18-foot-tall peace wall dividing a neighborhood in Belfast. The purpose of the peace walls is to separate predominantly nationalist neighbourhoods from loyalist neighbourhoods. The answer to Belfast’s peace wall conundrum lies in regeneration, says McLaughlin. The Troubles ended over twenty years ago now, and some of the Peace Walls are still standing. Use the map below to find your way about Belfast and see where the peace lines are. The 8m high wall is made of brick and stone, topped with reinforced metal and then finally wire meshing. Click on the thumbnail on the right to see a detailed map of Belfast coloured along Catholic/ Protestant lines [98kB]. A five-metre high wall and fence runs from the junction of Springfield Road and Springmartin Road to near Upper Ballygomartin Road, west Belfast. Peace Wall: Quite a letdown - See 1,169 traveller reviews, 780 candid photos, and great deals for Belfast, UK, at Tripadvisor. "It's about identity." They have been built at urban interface areas in Belfast, Derry, Portadown and elsewhere. It's just that it's each other that they're not kind to!" Copyright © 2008-2020. Below is a stitched panorama of part of the Protestant side of the Cupar Way peace line, north of the Falls Road. The “peace” wall in Belfast. One of the many Women's Voices Matter murals, The Protestant side of the Cupar Way peace line, north of the Falls Road, Part of the Catholic side of the Northumberland Street peace line, just north of the Falls Road, The Clonard Martyrs Memorial Garden. 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