One hundred five specimens were fabricated. Fixed restorations are the preferred treatment option if clinical conditions allow. The mould is produced by investing wax trial dentures on which the artificial teeth have been mounted. Allow the flask to sit for 30 minutes before heat-polymerizing to ensure a good bond between the denture resin and the teeth. Close the flask, position the metal flask brackets, and tighten the bolts. Place the piston of the processing device into the plastic injection socket at the back of the flask, and screw the pressing device onto the metal injection insert until the etched groove is visible on the pin at the top of the pressing device. In an attempt to minimize dimensional changes in the denture base, materials and techniques are being improved constantly. Modifications mainly concerned antimicrobial properties and reinforcement of the material structure by introducing additional fibers. This shrinkage is considerably reduced by using a mix with a high powder/liquid ratio. The future of denture base materials promises to be just as fascinating a study, but such a discussion cannot be included within the scope of this book. The study of the history of denture base materials is a most interesting one that has been covered elsewhere in dental literature. Utilization of CAD/CAM processes is challenging due to resiliency of oral mucosa. Rosita Kantola, ... Pekka Vallittu, in A Clinical Guide to Fibre Reinforced Composites (FRCs) in Dentistry, 2017. 14§1.2, 28§6). Tissue conditioners are soft elastomers that are classified as plasticized acrylics, which are composed of a poly (ethyl methacrylate) mixture of phthalate plasticizer and up to 25% ethanol. Bone grafts are frequently placed 4 to 6 months before the placement of implants, but in some cases may be accomplished at the time of implant placement. They are soft plastic materials used primarily to treat irritated mucosa supporting the denture. During use the powder and liquid are mixed together to form a dough, which can be moulded inside a mould produced from a cast of the patient’s mouth. Denture adhesives were first used in late 18th century and upto 19th century Denture adhesives were used for holding base plates in position while recording jaw relations, immediate denture construction until a well-fitting denture in fabricated. Tissue-conditioning material, when mixed properly, results in a gel of the polymer and monomer with a resilient consistency. The two most commonly used types of denture base resins are heat- and cold-curing polymers. Miscellaneous properties: An ideal denture base material should be relatively inexpensive and have a long shelf life so that material can be purchased in bulk and stored without deteriorating. The teeth are manufactured to standard shapes and sizes under controlled factory conditions. The materials are usually supplied as a powder and liquid. Extensive coverage of teeth by occlusal onlays can predispose to dental caries. 3. Nowadays, most denture bases are fabricated using acrylic resins. However, no soft lining materials are truly permanent in practice. Placing a tissue conditioner in a prosthesis for frequent liner replacement is a relatively simple procedure, but a soft liner material that is not changed frequently, as per the manufacturer's recommendations, can cause excess pressure and tissue damage to the surgical site. One of the many advantages of PMMA is its ease of use in complicated geometries, and the ability to artificially color it to impart both tooth and gum colors. The denture may be made of acrylic resin or of a cast-metal denture base material. The investment and processing techniques are as follows: The cast with the completed wax-up is embedded in the designated side “1” of the flask in the usual manner, placing the cast as close as possible to the back of the flask. Denture adhesive can be used in cases of Full or Partial Dentures. Although the normal temperature in the mouth varies only from 32°C to 37°C, account must be taken of the fact that patients take hot drinks at temperatures up to 70°C and, despite advice, sometimes clean dentures in very hot or even boiling water.